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Genetic engineering


Biology is the scientific study of life and living organisms. It explores a vast range of topics, including the structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, and… Read More »Biology

Bacillus subtilis

Bacillus subtilis is a gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium that has garnered significant attention and application in various fields due to its versatility, resilience, and beneficial characteristics.… Read More »Bacillus subtilis


A plasmid is a small, circular, double-stranded DNA molecule that is separate from the chromosomal DNA and is found in the cytoplasm of bacteria and… Read More »Plasmid


Prokaryotes are simple yet remarkably resilient organisms that represent one of the most ancient forms of life on Earth. These unicellular organisms lack a membrane-bound… Read More »Prokaryote

What is DNA?

Deoxyribonucleic acid, commonly known as DNA, is a molecule that serves as the fundamental building block of life. Its intricate structure and vital functions form… Read More »What is DNA?