New hole transport materials uncrease efficiency of perovskite quantum dot solar cells

Solar cells are a sustainable form of power generation that can significantly reduce environmental pollution. Among various types of solar cells, perovskite quantum dot solar cells have gained attention due to their lower cost of production and flexibility compared to conventional silicon solar cells. The efficiency of perovskite quantum dot solar cells relies heavily on … Read more

Solvent-free process developed for manufacturing greener, cheaper lithium-ion battery electrodes

A team led by Yan Wang, a researcher from Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI), has achieved a significant breakthrough in the manufacturing of lithium-ion battery electrodes. The team developed a solvent-free process that offers several advantages over conventional methods, including being more environmentally friendly, cost-effective, and faster in charging. This advancement holds great potential for enhancing … Read more

MIT researchers develop flexible breadboard for rapid prototyping

Flexibility is a highly desirable trait in various fields, whether you’re a new employee, a gymnast, or a manufacturer of bendy straws. And now, this characteristic is also sought after in the realm of prototyping electronic devices. Traditionally, designers have relied on “breadboards” to test their designs. However, these rigid and cumbersome platforms hinder the … Read more

New 3D printing method accelerates materials discovery

Yanliang Zhang, an associate professor of aerospace and mechanical engineering at the University of Notre Dame, has revolutionized the traditional trial-and-error process of material discovery with a groundbreaking 3D printing method. Zhang recognized the need for faster development of new materials for clean energy, environmental sustainability, electronics, and biomedical devices, and set out to create … Read more

DGIST researchers identify defects that degrade the efficiency of kesterite thin-film solar cells

A team of researchers from DGIST has put forth a novel proposal regarding the defect energy level in the absorption layer of kesterite thin-film solar cells. By conducting admittance spectroscopy, they were able to identify specific types of defects in collaboration with Professor Kim Jun-Ho from Incheon National University’s Department of Physics. Solar cells, known … Read more

The potential of microbial fuel cells for energy harvesting and bioremediation

Renewable energy solutions are crucial in our quest to meet increasing energy demands while addressing environmental concerns and achieving net-zero emissions by 2050. One promising technology in this field is microbial electrochemical technology, particularly microbial fuel cells known as SMFCs. These systems are not only cost-effective but also environmentally friendly, making them highly attractive for … Read more

Liquid directional transport: A new approach

New research published in Science challenges the conventional understanding of liquid spreading and demonstrates a groundbreaking method to control the direction of liquid movement. Traditionally, the spreading direction of liquids with different properties is believed to be determined solely by the surface design and cannot be tailored. However, this recent study introduces a novel approach … Read more

Penn State scientists develop new device that mimics human eye

Scientists at Penn State have developed a groundbreaking device that mimics the human eye’s photoreceptors and neural network to produce images. Inspired by nature, the researchers designed a sensor array using narrowband perovskite photodetectors to replicate the cone cells in our retinas, which are sensitive to red, green, and blue light. They then connected this … Read more

New catalyst developed to increase durability of hydrogen fuel cells

A team of researchers, led by Professor Yong-Tae Kim and Ph.D. candidate Sang-Hoon You at POSTECH, has made a significant breakthrough in the development of fuel cell catalysts for hydrogen-powered cars. Their study, published in ACS Energy Letters, focuses on combating corrosion in fuel cells by tailoring the hydrogen oxidation reaction to match the hydrogen … Read more

Researchers successfully mass-produce metalenses for visible light, opening new possibilities for optics

Metalenses, a promising solution to the camera bumps on smartphones, have garnered significant attention in the scientific community. However, their precise production and high cost have posed challenges for scalable manufacturing. Despite these obstacles, a team of researchers led by Professor Junsuk Rho from POSTECH has achieved a groundbreaking feat by successfully mass-producing metalenses for … Read more

Agrivoltaics: Integrating solar panels and crops for sustainable food and energy production

A new project at the University of Alberta is working towards the goal of growing greens in one’s backyard under a solar panel, and using the same energy to juice them in a blender. This innovative practice, known as agrivoltaics, involves integrating solar panels with crops to simultaneously use land for both food and energy … Read more

Chinese researchers develop highly efficient solar cell with nanocrystalline-silicon hole contact layer

A Chinese solar technology company has developed a new type of solar cell that could revolutionize the world’s transition towards renewable energy. This breakthrough was made possible through advanced modeling by researchers at TU Delft. The new solar cell, which is made of the same material as 95% of all current solar cells, has an … Read more

Engineers develop low-cost material inspired by prickly pear cactus to boost hydrogen production

Over 100 years ago, scientists discovered a method to convert water into hydrogen gas, which is commonly referred to as “the fuel of the future.” Despite this significant breakthrough, hydrogen has not gained popularity as a primary source of energy due to its inefficient and expensive electrolysis process. Recently, researchers at The University of Texas … Read more

New research shows similarities between solid-state and liquid electrolytes for safer and more efficient batteries

Exciting new research from the McKelvey School of Engineering at Washington University in St. Louis has revealed that a solid-state electrolyte bears a striking resemblance to its liquid counterpart. This is a significant breakthrough as it opens up the possibility of designing more efficient and safer solid-state batteries using reliable mechanistic knowledge. According to Peng … Read more

Unveiling phantom energy: New insights into piezoelectric materials for advanced energy harvesting

Piezoelectric materials are remarkable substances that generate an electric current when subjected to mechanical stress. They can be found in various forms, such as crystals, bones, and proteins. These materials have permeated numerous aspects of our lives, often without us even realizing it. By harnessing energy from the environment, including sources like light, heat, and … Read more

New strategy brings advances to the development of powerful, safe and environmentally friendly zinc batteries

In order to meet the world’s growing need for affordable and efficient energy storage, particularly for renewable sources like solar and wind, there is a pressing demand for advanced batteries. While lithium-ion batteries, commonly used in smartphones and electric cars, have been effective, their high cost and flammability pose significant challenges. Fortunately, a team of … Read more

Breakthrough metasurfaces: Revolutionizing displays for thinner, higher resolution, and energy-efficient devices

Researchers have successfully developed a proof-of-concept technology that has the potential to revolutionize display technology beyond the limitations of current LCDs and LEDs. This breakthrough innovation, created by a collaborative team from Nottingham Trent University, the Australian National University, and the University of New South Wales Canberra, involves the use of electrically tunable arrays of … Read more

Ultrathin blue phosphorene boosts transistor performance with junction-free design

A breakthrough has been made in the field of electronic devices with the discovery of a new form of ultrathin phosphorus. This blue form of phosphorus can be finely tuned to enhance the injection of charge carriers into transistors, which is expected to significantly improve the performance of next-generation electronics. Two-dimensional semiconductors like graphene and … Read more

Revolutionizing drone inspections: Elythor’s morpho, the shape-shifting UAV for power plants

Elythor, a startup born out of EPFL, has recently introduced an innovative drone that possesses the remarkable ability to dynamically adjust its wing shape in response to varying wind conditions and flight positions. This groundbreaking feature significantly reduces the drone’s energy consumption while enhancing its overall performance. Furthermore, the drone’s wings can change their position, … Read more