Skip to content
Home » Review highlights progress in affordable catalysts for clean energy conversion

Review highlights progress in affordable catalysts for clean energy conversion

The search for sustainable and affordable has highlighted the importance of the oxygen reduction and oxygen reactions (ORR and OER). These processes are crucial for the efficiency of devices such as fuel and but have traditionally relied on costly noble metals as . This dependency poses significant barriers to broader adoption and scalability.

In a review published in the journal eScience, a research team from Technische Universität Dresden have reviewed the major advancement in creating effective and affordable electro-catalysts without the use of noble metals for oxygen electrocatalysis in alkaline electrolytes.

The review provides an in-depth analysis of noble metal-free catalysts, focusing on three primary categories: transition metal compounds, , and entirely metal-free options. Researchers utilized several innovative strategies to enhance these catalysts' effectiveness for oxygen electrocatalysis, crucial for technologies.

Techniques such as heteroatom doping, which introduces different atoms into the catalyst structure, vacancy creation that alters material properties by removing atoms, and strain induction to modify , were key. These approaches aimed to improve the catalysts' physicochemical characteristics, significantly boosting their performance in oxygen reduction and evolution reactions.

This research underscores the potential of noble metal-free materials in replacing costly and scarce noble metals traditionally used in catalysts, highlighting a path towards more affordable and sustainable conversion devices.

In addition to exploring improvements in oxygen electrocatalysis via electronic structure regulation of non-noble materials, a recent study published in the same journal by researchers from the University of Technology Sydney and the Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences has made significant advances in materials for energy conversion and storage.

They have introduced a method for synthesizing metal-organic framework (MOF)-derived nanocages, which considerably enhance the efficiency of water and selective ethylene glycol reformation, marking a notable progress in the field of sustainable energy production.

The studies introduce innovative materials and techniques to improve the efficiency of processes such as water electrolysis for hydrogen production, contributing to the evolution of energy conversion and storage technologies. These efforts align with the broader goal of developing cost-effective, efficient, and environmentally friendly alternatives to conventional energy sources, thereby supporting the global transition towards renewable energy sources.

Source: TranSpread

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *