What is amino acid?

Amino acids are fundamental building blocks of proteins and play crucial roles in numerous biological processes. Understanding the structure, function, and significance of amino acids is essential for comprehending the complexity of living organisms and the molecular mechanisms that underlie their functions. Amino acids are organic molecules composed of a central carbon atom (referred to … Read more

Role of ATP in cellular processes

Adenosine triphosphate, or ATP, serves as the primary energy currency in living organisms, playing a crucial role in various cellular processes across all forms of life. Its significance lies in its ability to store and transfer energy within cells, enabling fundamental biological functions necessary for life, growth, and reproduction. At its core, ATP consists of … Read more

Scientists uncover protein key to neuropathic pain

Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin, in collaboration with scientists from The University of Texas at Dallas and the University of Miami, are spearheading a groundbreaking approach to address neuropathic pain, a challenging condition often caused by nerve damage in various bodily tissues. This type of pain, characterized by sensations like electric shocks, … Read more

Role of cilia in cells

Cilia, slender hair-like structures protruding from the surface of cells, play a crucial and diverse role in various biological processes across different organisms. These microscopic organelles are involved in cellular motility, sensory perception, and the coordination of signaling pathways. Understanding the intricate functions of cilia sheds light on their significance in maintaining cellular homeostasis and … Read more

Role of ribosomes in protein synthesis

Ribosomes stand as pivotal players in the intricate dance of cellular life, serving as the molecular machineries responsible for protein synthesis. This fundamental process is at the heart of cellular function, enabling the creation of the diverse array of proteins that carry out essential roles in living organisms. The role of ribosomes in protein synthesis … Read more

How do neurotransmitters function in the nervous system?

Neurotransmitters are essential signaling molecules in the nervous system, playing a central role in transmitting information between neurons and facilitating communication throughout the intricate neural networks. These chemical messengers enable the transmission of signals across synapses, the junctions between neurons, allowing for the precise and rapid communication necessary for various physiological processes. Understanding how neurotransmitters … Read more

Subtle variations in actin proteins uncover profound cellular dynamics

In the microscopic realm of cellular function, the significance of minute details becomes apparent. A prime example is found in the intricate world of proteins, where even a slight variation in the sequence of amino acids can wield transformative influence over a cell’s architecture. Scientists from the Universities of Göttingen and Warwick delved into the … Read more

Molecular biology

Molecular biology is a branch of biology that explores the structure, function, and interactions of molecules that make up the essential components of living organisms. It delves into the molecular mechanisms underlying various biological processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation, and cellular signaling. At its core, molecular biology seeks to understand the molecular basis of … Read more


Biology is the scientific study of life and living organisms. It explores a vast range of topics, including the structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, and distribution of living organisms. This discipline delves into various levels of biological organization, from molecules and cells to organisms and ecosystems. Through methods like observation, experimentation, and analysis, biologists seek … Read more

What is mitochondria?

Mitochondria are dynamic and vital organelles found in the cells of eukaryotic organisms, playing a central role in energy production and numerous cellular processes. These double-membraned structures are often referred to as the “powerhouses of the cell” due to their primary function of generating adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the cellular currency for energy. However, their significance … Read more

What is the primary function of mitochondria in a cell?

The mitochondria, often referred to as the powerhouse of the cell, play a pivotal role in cellular function and energy metabolism. These double-membraned organelles are essential components of eukaryotic cells, where they perform diverse functions crucial for the cell’s survival and overall functionality. The primary function of mitochondria is to generate adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the … Read more

How a tiny protein shapes the organ that sustains life

In a recent study suggests published in Circulation Research, researchers from the Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares (CNIC), led by Dr. José Luis de la Pompa, unveiled the crucial role played by the neuregulin-1 (Nrg1) protein in the intricate metamorphosis of the heart. This transformation, orchestrated by Nrg1, guides the heart’s journey from its delicate … Read more

Discovery of a novel organelle: PXo bodies in fruit fly intestines unveil new insights into phosphate transport and cellular homeostasis

Scientists at the Department of Genetics, Blavatnik Institute at Harvard Medical School have made a groundbreaking discovery during their study of phosphate transport in fruit fly intestines. Their findings, published in the journal Nature, reveal the existence of a previously unknown organelle. This discovery challenges the assumption that all organelles within animal cells had already … Read more