Two new pirate spider species discovered in threatened St. Helena cloud forest

On a remote tropical island in the Atlantic Ocean, a pair of marooned pirates have been discovered. While they lack eyepatches and cutlasses, the two new species of pirate spider certainly live up to their nautical name, which refers to their habit of violently taking over the webs of other spiders and killing the occupants. … Read more

Hemispherical-shell-shaped organic photovoltaic cells for absorption enhancement and improved angular coverage

In the pursuit of sustainable energy solutions, the quest for more efficient solar cells is paramount. Organic photovoltaic cells have emerged as a promising alternative to traditional silicon-based counterparts due to their flexibility and cost-effectiveness. However, optimizing their performance remains a significant challenge. In a pioneering move, new research from Abdullah Gül University (Türkiye) reimagines … Read more

Study links COVID neurological symptoms to body-wide inflammation, not direct brain infection

Scientists still are not sure how neurological symptoms arise in COVID-19. Is it because SARS-CoV-2 infects the brain? Or are these symptoms the result of inflammation in the rest of the body? A study by Charité—Universitätsmedizin Berlin has now produced evidence to support the latter theory. It was published in the journal Nature Neuroscience. Headaches, … Read more

Bull study reveals novel genes associated with male fertility across mammals

Infertility is a widespread problem: worldwide, one in eight couples fail to fulfill their desire to have children within a year—or even at all. In half the cases, this is due to fertility disorders that stem from the male. However, it is difficult to identify the genetic causes of such fertility disorders in humans. Researchers … Read more

Study identifies key pathways controlling leaf shape diversity in strawberries

Plant leaves come in many different shapes, sizes and complexities. Some leaves are large and smooth, while others are smaller and serrated. Some leaves grow in single pieces while others form multiple leaflets. These variations in leaf structure play a crucial role in how plants adapt—and survive—in different environments. “Plant morphology is diverse in nature,” … Read more

Researchers develop tool to orchestrate protein movement within cells

Researchers can engineer cells to express new genes and produce specific proteins, giving the cells new parts to work with. But, it’s much harder to provide cells with instructions on how to organize and use those new parts. Now, new tools from University of Wisconsin–Madison researchers offer an innovative way around this problem. Their research … Read more

280-million-year-old fossil revealed as partly forged, raising questions about early reptile evolution

After decades of puzzling researchers, a 280-million-year-old fossil known as Tridentinosaurus antiquus has been revealed, in part, to be a forgery, casting doubt on its significance for understanding early reptile evolution. Led by Dr. Valentina Rossi of University College Cork, Ireland (UCC), a team of scientists has uncovered the truth behind this enigmatic specimen, cautioning … Read more

Experimental evidence confirms existence of altermagnetism, a third magnetic phase

Ferromagnetism and antiferromagnetism have long been known to scientists as two classes of magnetic order of materials. Back in 2019, researchers at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) postulated a third class of magnetism, called altermagnetism. This altermagnetism has been the subject of heated debate among experts ever since, with some expressing doubts about its existence. … Read more

Five new isotopes created at FRIB bring researchers closer to neutron star nuclei

At the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) at Michigan State University, an international research team has achieved a significant milestone by creating five new isotopes, effectively bringing celestial phenomena closer to Earth. Reported in Physical Review Letters, these isotopes—thulium-182, thulium-183, ytterbium-186, ytterbium-187, and lutetium-190—mark the inaugural batch of new isotopes synthesized at FRIB, a … Read more

New thermometry method reveals cooling effect in compressed quantum gases

An international collaboration between researchers from Innsbruck and Geneva has unveiled a groundbreaking thermometry method tailored for measuring temperatures in low-dimensional quantum gases. Surprisingly, their findings suggest that compressing a gas may lead to cooling—a counterintuitive phenomenon that challenges conventional wisdom. Published in Science Advances, this study marks a significant milestone in our understanding of … Read more

New X-ray technique unveils attosecond dynamics of electrons in liquid water

In a groundbreaking experiment reminiscent of stop-motion photography, scientists have achieved the remarkable feat of isolating the energetic movement of an electron while simultaneously “freezing” the motion of the much larger atom it orbits within a sample of liquid water. Published in the esteemed journal Science, the findings represent a significant leap forward in our … Read more

Archaeological analysis of pig teeth uncovers unexpected diet in historic Chinatown

During the late 1800s and early 1900s, the United States grappled with intense anti-Chinese sentiment, particularly among working-class laborers who perceived Chinese workers as economic threats. Despite facing discriminatory laws such as the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, which banned Chinese laborers from immigrating to the U.S., Chinese migrants in Los Angeles Chinatown found innovative … Read more

New study reveals year-round settlement of first Neolithic farmers in Andalusia

A groundbreaking archaeological study, led by Asier García-Escárzaga, a researcher at the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology (ICTA-UAB) and the Department of Prehistory of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), sheds new light on the lives of the first Neolithic farmers and shepherds in Andalusia. Their findings reveal that these pioneering settlers established permanent … Read more

Radiocarbon dating unveils 8,200-year-old cave art in Patagonia

An international team of scientists has unveiled the ancient secrets hidden within the caves of Patagonia, reshaping our understanding of early human culture in South America. Published in the prestigious journal Science Advances, their study unveils cave art that surpasses any previously known in the region, dating back a staggering 8,200 years. Nestled within the … Read more

Adaptive processes drive imperfect mimicry in spiders and insects

A trio of natural scientists hailing from Macquarie University, alongside an evolutionary specialist from the University of New South Wales, Australia, have unearthed intriguing revelations about imperfect mimicry in spiders and insects. Published in the esteemed journal Biology Letters, their study challenges previous assumptions, suggesting that adaptive processes, rather than constraints or chance, primarily shape … Read more

New dating of Easter Island tablets points to Pre-European writing system

A collaborative team comprising philologists, chemists, environmental physicists, and engineers from various European institutions has unveiled a compelling revelation regarding the ancient wooden tablets of Easter Island. Published in the esteemed journal Scientific Reports, their groundbreaking study sheds new light on the enigmatic Rongorongo script, a previously undeciphered writing system believed to be indigenous to … Read more

New study redefines J0526+5934 as ultra-short period WD binary with massive hidden partner

Utilizing ground-based telescopes, an international consortium of astronomers has observed a binary system, dubbed J0526+5934, containing at least one white dwarf. This intriguing discovery, reported in a paper published on the pre-print server arXiv on February 6, unveils a binary system comprising two white dwarfs orbiting each other at an ultra-short period. White dwarfs, the … Read more

Massive galaxy observed 11.5 billion years ago challenges galaxy formation models

New revelations from the depths of space have shaken the foundations of our understanding of galaxy formation and dark matter, thanks to groundbreaking observations of a colossal stellar population dating back more than 11 billion years—a phenomenon that defies existing models. Today’s publication in Nature unveils startling findings from the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), … Read more

Green Chemistry

Green chemistry, also known as sustainable chemistry, is a rapidly growing field that focuses on designing chemical products and processes that minimize the use and generation of hazardous substances. It aims to reduce the environmental impact of chemical manufacturing and promote the efficient use of resources, ultimately leading to a more sustainable and environmentally friendly … Read more

What type of cells lack a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles?

Cells lacking a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles are known as prokaryotic cells. These cells represent one of the two major categories of cells, the other being eukaryotic cells, which possess a nucleus and various membrane-bound organelles. Prokaryotic cells are found in two domains of life: Bacteria and Archaea. Despite their simplicity compared to eukaryotic cells, … Read more